• DBCT
  • About DBCT
  • Relevant Regulations

Regulation of DBCT

We determine the fair and reasonable terms and conditions of access to one Queensland Port—DBCT (Dalrymple Bay Coal Terminal). Our role is to:

  • assess and approve access undertakings
  • assess and approve amendments
  • arbitrate access disputes
  • enforce breaches of access obligations
  • investigate and monitor prices for ports declared for monopoly prices oversight
  • assess competitive neutrality.



DBCT has been 'declared' a monopoly business activity with market power.

This implies that competition would be enhanced if access is allowed to third parties.

Under the Third Party Access Regime (Part 5) in the QCA Act we may assess and approve access undertakings provided by the DBCT, which remain in force for a set number of years.

Reasonable amendments may be made to the undertaking and submitted to us through a draft amending process. 

Current access undertaking

The current access undertaking, which sets out the terms and conditions under which DBCT Management will provide access to the terminal, came into effect on 16 February 2017.

DBCT is one of two coal export terminals at the Port of Hay Point, located 30 km from the Queensland coastal town of Mackay.

The Port of Hay Point is one of the world's largest coal export ports, handling coal from over 30 mines in the Bowen Basin, central Queensland—the source of more than 80% of Queensland’s coal production.

Expanding DBCT

Ongoing expansions to keep up with global demand for resource and energy commodities have brought the capacity of DBCT to 85 mtpa in 2010. This makes the DBCT one of the largest coal loading terminals in the world.

An interim study has investigated further expansion to raise capacity to 153 mtpa, but the rest of the study was discontinued.

DBCT is owned by the Queensland Government and leased to DBCT Management through a 50 year lease to operate, maintain and develop the terminal (with an option for a further 49 years).

The ports authority for Hay Point Port is the North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation Ltd, which also manages the ports at Abbot Point, Weipa, Mackay and Maryborough.

Port activities (relating to our monitoring role) fall under the following legislation:

The Transport Infrastructure Act covers, amongst other things:

  • functions and powers of port authorities
  • land management.

The Transport Operations (Marine Safety) Act regulates, amongst other things:

  • safety, including ship safety
  • navigation
  • portage
  • the role of harbour masters.

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