Access to Infrastructure

Essential infrastructure which is vital to the economy should be accessible to all potential users.

The QCA regulates third party access to essential infrastructure.

  • This allows competitors to enter the market.

  • Related markets benefit too. For example:

    • Opening access to electricity and gas distribution systems enhances competition in electricity and gas retailing.

    • Opening rail tracks enhances competition in rail transport.

Declared services

Services become declared for third-party access under our Act, through either of the following:

  • ministerial decision, in accordance with the QCA Act
  • direct inclusion in the QCA Act.

Once they are declared the applicable regime can be applied to them - the Queensland Access Regime.

The Queensland Access Regime (QAR)

  • established by Part 5 of the Queensland Competition Authority Act 1997 (the QCA Act)
  • administered by the QCA
  • broadly modelled on the National Access Regime, as established by Part IIIA of the Commonwealth Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (the CCA). 

Access regimes in place

Declared services

Three services are declared for third-party access under the QAR.

They were declared by direct inclusion in section 250 of the QCA Act.

  • rail transport services provided by the central Queensland coal network (operated by Aurizon Network Pty Ltd)
  • rail transport services provided by Queensland Rail Limited’s intrastate passenger and freight network
  • coal handling services at Dalrymple Bay Coal Terminal (DBCT).


  • The Queensland Rail Access Regime

  • formed by he declarations of the services provided by the Aurizon Network and Queensland Rail networks together
  • certified by the relevant Commonwealth Minister as an effective access regime, for the purposes of the CCA, for 19 years from 19 January 2011.
  • The DBCT access regime

  • certified as effective for 10 years from 11 July 2011.

Other services can be declared for third party access under the QAR by application to us.

Related Work

Links regarding access to infrastructure:

Regulatory Framework